A set of activities are presented in order for you to help your child a good reader. Reading materials offered in public libraries such as books and magazines and other visual materials can also help in building this skill. There are also inexpensive materials and activities that you can use in attaining this.
Each set of activities is based on the child’s age span. Since children learn things at different stage, the stages are: baby (birth to 1 month), toddler (1 to 3 years old), preschool (from 3 – 4 years old) and kindergarten or early first grader (from 5 – 6 years old). Through this age stage the parents will know what the proper learning activity is for the child. Also, be patient with the child because they do not learn things well as fast as an adult.
As your children grow, your role as their parent or guardian also changes. It could be observed from the point when your child started to walk and you will guide him so that he will not fall down. As he or she reached older stage, you are confident enough to let go of your child because he or she now carry his/herself well. In terms of language skill, in the first stage you will teach him or her simple words like “Mom” or “Dad”. Eventually, as he or she grows old, many languages are introduced to him or her then sometimes you let your child learn them by their own.
Parents are the best teacher for their child especially when they are only starting to learn. The child can learn more from some they are comfortable with and someone they trust. Make sure that the activity that you and you child will do is fun and enjoyable. If you observe that the child is not happy with the activity you present, move on to another activity.
1. BABY TALK
For Babies from birth to 1 year old
Since babies cannot speak yet, they often make sound to tell you something. If you response to them making sounds, they will think that what they tell you have sense and is valuable.
Top List on what to achieve:
• Always chat to your little one especially when they are smiling and making gurgles. Eye contact is important as well as body contact.
• Play guessing games with your babies. For example, try to ask “Where is your nose?” You can answer by touching their nose and say “there is your nose!” Do this by asking different parts of the face.
• Repeat the word of a certain part of the face or body. By doing this, the baby will start to recognize the sound you produce then in the later they can form it into words.
• DO interesting things with your baby. Variation of voices and funny facial expression and singing songs interest them.
For babies from 6 weeks to 1 year old
Books are one of the best materials that you can offer to your babies making them a good reader and at the same time a fun activity to do with them.
1. Cardboard and/or cloth books by means of large, yet uncomplicated pictures of stuff with which brood are familiar
2. Lift-the-flap, and/or touch-and-feel, and/or peek-through play
Top List on what to Do:
• Reading story with your newborn for a short period many times per day is a good reading exercise. You can do it during the day when you are at the park, bus or even after breakfast at the breakfast table. During bedtime you can read to them too.
• Name the things shown in the book. Point them out while reading for better understanding.
• Sturdy books offer a lot of things to learn to the babies. It adds additional fun in learning.
CHATTING WITH CHILDREN
For children from 1 year old to 6 year old
As your baby grows old, their language development is in fast track. In line with this, talking to your child is essential to be able to develop their language skill more.
Top List on what to Do:
• Talk to your toddler while eating, taking a bath and when dressing him or her up. Emphasize color, shape, numbers and sizes. Point them out for better emphasis.
• Make conversation with your children and point out pictures and name to let your child know what it is. Question and answer after reading the book is quite a good exercise to be able to know if the child can comprehend the story.
• Make your toddler help you whenever you do chores in the house. For example when cooking something, try to give him cooking utensils and explain to them what these utensils do. This fosters a good learning experience for them.
• It is always good to converse with the child when doing stuffs together. In this way your child’s thinking is stimulated by asking questions upon meeting up something new like flowers in the park, food that you eat together and things that you have brought in the store. Yes or no questions are a good challenge for them as well as good brain twister.
• Listen to what your child has to say or ask. Explain your answer patiently. If you do not answer the question, do not hesitate looking for it in the book with him or her. This will give them the idea of how books can help in giving answer to most of our queries.
• Let your child talk and tell a story about anything. Afterwards, ask questions about the story so that you will know if they understand the story they are telling.
• Do things together, for example cook in the kitchen and let him help you. Teach them simple recipes that they might want to prepare when they grow a little bit older.
• Turn off the television if it has been on for hours and have a good talk with your child.
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